An Illustrated Social History

Appendix IV

A BRIEF CHRONOLOGY  1707 - 1739

1707

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1708

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1709

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1710

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1711

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1712

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1713

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1714

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1715

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1716

May - Union of Scotland and England takes effect

7th June Special Court Boron: John and Abigail Green forfeit their estate

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Election brings warlike Whig ministry to power

Jacobite adventure - Pretender comes to Scotland but quickly leaves

War of the Spanish Succession begins

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Handel in London: Hoop petticoats in fashion

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War weariness sets in; Election - Tories come to power

Rise in grain price; Financial crisis - Bank of England grows in influence

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South Sea Company formed

Occasional Conformity Act passed - but is repealed in 1718

Marlborough dismissed

Ascot racecourse starts up: The Spectator and The Tatler launched

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Handel settles in London

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Anti-war feelings increase

Treaty of Utrecht signed - ending War of the Spanish Succession

England’s gains - Gibraltar, North America, slaves

Beginning of thirty years without war - Georges’ reign an oasis of tranquility

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Queen Anne dies: Electress Sophia dies (Hanover) - her son is heir presumptive to England

King George I crowned - despotic, detached - never spoke English

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Failed Jacobite rebellion

Election returns Whig majority

Riot Act passed to control unruly mobs: wigs and cravats the thing for men

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Elections postponed to 1722

Triple Alliance with Holland and France

1717

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1718

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1719

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1720

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1721

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1722

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1724

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1725

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1726

Handel’s Water Music

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War on Spain

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Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe

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Collapse of South Sea Bubble - national debt threatened, panic

Birth of Young Pretender

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Walpole Prime Minister, the first modern PM - and cabinet government

Bubble Act re joint stock companies; smallpox inoculation

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Act to set up workhouses

Jacobite plot uncovered

Walpole restores financial stability

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Jack Sheppard hanged

Daniel Defoe on the condition of the country

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Jonathan Wild hanged

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Metalled roads in Scotland

Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels